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Pre emergence damping off, failure of seedling to emerge after planting. Recovered seed has a watery rot, if the shoot or root emerges it has a dark necrosis. A number of other pathogens can cause similar symptoms, so pathogen isolation and identification is needed to confirm diagnosis.
Post emergence damping off, the seedling emerges from the soil but dies soon afterwards. The roots, hypocotyl and perhaps the crown of the plant will be necrotic and have a water soaked appearance. For some hosts, once the plant has reached a certain stage after emergence, infections by the pathogen are no longer lethal, but they can still have a significant impact on plant growth and yield.